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If you are looking to improve your clay soil but don’t want to go through the hassle of tilling, there are 6 things that you should be doing. Each of these on their own offers some level of benefit. When combined, however, they represent a comprehensive no-till soil improvement strategy for your clay soil yard.
Here are the highlights but we’ll dig into each of these and show how they complement each other when used together.
6 Ways to improve clay soil without tilling:
- Liquid Aeration
- Core Aeration
- Deep Soil Integration
- Dig And Drop Composting
- Grass Mulching
Let’s break down each of these strategies and see how you can use them to improve the clay soil in your lawn or garden.
On its own, liquid aeration offers limited benefit. The active ingredient in the vast majority of liquid aeration products is Ammonium Laureth Sulfate. Sounds fancy, doesn’t it?
Want to know where else you will find this magic elixir? Bubble baths and shampoos. Seriously, the same active ingredient in most liquid aeration solutions is found in your shampoo (source).
But that doesn’t mean that it is of no value. In fact, the University of Colorado at Bouler specifically cites the benefit of Ammonium Laureth Sulfate as a wetting agent used to prevent resistance of water absorption in clay soil due often resulting from compaction (source).
There are people who swear by liquid aeration and those who call it snake oil. It won’t change your clay soil overnight but as a wetting agent it does exactly what it is designed to do. Don’t overlook this soil improvement tool. It shouldn’t be relied on as your sole soil improvement strategy but it does have its place.
You can get the latest pricing and options on liquid aerators available from Amazon by clicking here.
This is another approach that, on its own, has limited benefit but when combined with other strategies can really make a difference in the quality of your clay soil.
Where most people seem to report the least effectiveness is when they simply spread a topdressing of organic matter over their clay soil. There is potential for benefit here but you have to consider that you are simply laying one layer over the other.
If the organic matter has no way of penetrating into the clay soil, it can only help so much. A better approach is to create a means for the topdressing to get down into the clay soil and integrate with it.
This is one of the benefits of tilling but, in our case, we want to avoid that. So let’s look at what other options there are available to us.
By aerating and removing plugs of soil, you create pockets where the topdressing can be raked in. This offers tremendous benefit over topdressing alone. It allows the organic matter that you are spreading to get below the surface to encourage worm populations and biological activity that is necessary for a thriving yard.
This is a critical part of improving clay soil. You want to get the organic matter down into the clay so that it can begin to change the chemical and biological composition of your soil.
Note: Soil aeration comes in a couple of flavors – spike aeration and core aeration. I do not recommend spike aeration for clay soil.
Deep Soil Integration
If you really want to improve your clay soil and are ready for something completely different than 99% of the people out there are doing, consider this approach to infusing your clay soil with organic matter.
In addition to core aeration, drill deep holes into your soil before you topdress. Allow the organic matter to fall into and fill the hole.
If you are a regular reader of this website you will know that I’m a big believer in this. I’ve seen the results first hand in my own clay soil yard.
The holes are slightly larger than core aeration but I do not consider that a negative. It simply means you have removed more clay and are allowing more organic matter into the ground.
I’ll admit that it seems a little over the top. I tend to be the crazy old man that tries radical experiments on my soil. But the results speak for themselves. There is no question in my mind that you should include this in your soil improvement strategy.
As an added benefit, deep soil integration also has the benefit of improving drainage in clay soil. You are drilling through the layer of clay and providing a means for water to leach through to better soil below.
Get a full understanding of what this process is and how you can use it to improve the quality of your clay soil by reading the full article that I wrote on the topic. You’ll see pictures of the results and exactly how I go about it.
Dig And Drop Composting
If the reason that you don’t want to till is simply that you don’t have a tiller, dig and drop composting is an excellent way to improve the quality of your clay soil. All you need is a shovel and a few minutes of time.
This process is super-simple. Just save up your kitchen scraps that can be composted. When you have a little time, dig a hole in an area you want to improve. Throw the kitchen scraps in with some brown leaves or pine straw for carbon and cover it up.
It’s as simple as that. You’ll have some leftover clay. Do with that as you will. If you have access to good soil I recommend covering the scraps up with that instead of the clay.
Either way though, you are incorporating organic material into your soil and that will encourage bioactivity (microbes, etc) and your soil can begin to come alive as it should.
I do this all the time throughout my yard. I have over two acres to play with and so on any given Saturday morning, you can find me burying food scraps. My son says I bury my food like a dog 🙂
Maybe so, but I know that anytime I am digging up that hard clay soil and replacing it with organic material I’m making steps in the right direction.
To learn more about the dig and drop composting method, read our article on exactly how I use this strategy to improve the clay soil in my yard.
If you have an existing lawn that you are working with, mulching your grass is one of the simplest ways to improve clay soil. That is if you have a mower with this capability. Mainly because it doesn’t require any extra work.
You just mow as usual but instead of bagging your clippings or side discharging them, the mulching blade chews them up and throws them right back into the grass.
I have yet to begin doing this only because my mower did not come with mulching ability. It’s on my shortlist of things to set up but for now, I’ve been using those grass clippings for some composting projects.
Creating A Comprehensive No-Tilling Soil Improvement Strategy
While each of these approaches will provide some level of benefit, to really improve your clay soil without tilling you need to combine these, using as many different ones as possible. That will allow you to compound the benefits. Plus, each of these strategies will help the other ones in improving your clay soil.
- Apply liquid aeration before doing your core aeration. The wetting agent will help soften the soil, allowing the aerator to dig in and pull better cores.
- Go around the area to be improved and apply deep soil integration by drilling down into the ground. Move about the area and drill these holes a good 12 inches deep or more.
- If you aren’t working in an existing lawn (or don’t mind digging up a little grass, dig some holes and drop in some dead leaves and any leftover kitchen scraps. (Avoid meats and dairies but you can go crazy with veggies, coffee grounds, eggshells, and lots more!)
- Next, rake up any surface dirt from aerating or digging. You don’t need that clay going back into the ground!
- Mulch-mow the yard, allowing the grass clippings to fall into any of the holes that it can.
- Apply a topdressing of nutrient-rich organic matter. Get the soil into all of the core aerator holes and drilled holes. Fill them up and use the rest to level any imperfections in your yard.
By combining the different approaches in a logical way, we are creating a comprehensive process to improve the clay soil without tilling. It will still take time, but your results will be favorable much faster than any one of these soil improvement approaches would provide on their own.
You really can improve your clay soil without tilling. I’m using most of these approaches in my own yard every year and I see the results with my own eyes as my clay soil yard improves.
Everyone’s situation is different. Some are seeking ways to improve the clay soil under their existing lawn while others are trying to get a lawn or garden established. I strongly recommend you read our article Improve Clay Soil for New Or Existing Lawns for insight on how to approach each of these issues.
To really understand what is going on in the ground of your yard, read What is Soil (And Why Does It Matter)?
Finally, if you are having issues with standing puddles of water on your clay soil lawn that take forever to absorb into the ground, have a look at Water Sits On Top Of Soil – Here’s Why & What To Do About It